Bilateralism and Unilateralism: The Future of International Trade Relations?

The most recent developments in international trade relations are characterized by a marked increase in free trade agreements – in particular bilateral agreements – whereas the development of the World Trade System, on the other hand, is in...Read More

Overview of the Korean Classification Regime and Notable Matters (Part I)

Classification refers to identification of the classification code of a certain imported/exported good in accordance with standards and system of harmonized system. Classification is used as a standard in determining the tariff rate/exempti...Read More

A Series of Sales: Determining the Customs Value Under the Union Customs Code

New customs legislation – the Union Customs Code – became applicable in the EU on 1 May 2016. These new regulations seem to abolish the use of the ‘ first sale for export ’ rule for determining the customs value and introduce the ‘ last sal...Read More

How to Define ‘Public Morals’ in WTO Law? A Critique of the Brazil – Taxation and Charges Panel Report

The Brazil – Taxation and Charges panel report has rekindled a long-standing debate over the scope and meaning of the public morals exception in the GATT/WTO legal system. This article offers two criticisms of the panel report. First, the r...Read More

Prior Judicial Involvement in Investor-State Dispute Settlement: Lessons from the Court’s Rhetoric in Opinion 2/15

The Court of Justice of the European Union has long protected the integrity of the Union legal order from external impact of judicial and normcreating processes. Initially concerned with the harmonious interpretation and application of Unio...Read More

Towards a Sustainable World Trade Law? The Commercial Policy of the European Union After Opinion 2/15 CJEU

Opinion 2/15 provides an undisputable exclusive competence to the EU for the inclusion of labour and environmental standards in EU Free Trade Agreements (FTAs). However, most of the possible policies to include sustainable development in wo...Read More

Guest Editor’s Introduction: Opinion 2/15 of the Court of Justice on the EU–Singapore Free Trade Agreement

Content Type Journal Article Part of Volume 13, Issue 1 Authors Nicolaj Kuplewatzky, Member of the Legal Service of the European Commission. Journal Global Trade and Customs Journal Online ISSN 1569-755X Print ISSN 1569-755X Publication: Gl...Read More

Changes in EU Trade Policy After Opinion 2/15

2017 has been an important year for the future of the external trade policy EU. Several developments impacted the way in which it can exercise its ‘ exclusive competence ’ . Opinion 2/15 of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) on the EU – Si...Read More

Unspoken Truths: The Hidden Logic of Decision 2/15

The context within which Opinion 2/15 falls is the legitimacy crisis of ISDS and its particular threat to the autonomy of domestic legal and judicial institutions. While, on the face of it, the ECJ seems to have escaped the risks of weighin...Read More

WCO Quarterly Column: Insecurity, Development, Trade and Taxation

Content Type Journal Article Part of Volume 13, Issue 1 Authors Thomas Cantens, PhD, Head of the WCO Research Unit (Brussels, Belgium), Lecturer at the Auvergne University School of Economics (Clermont, France) Journal Global Trade and Cust...Read More

The Evolution of Investor-State Arbitration in the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

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Genocide Left Unchecked: Assessing the ICC’s Difficulties Detaining Omar al-Bashir

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